Course Code               Course Description                                                                            Credit Unit

AEB 111                     Introductory Zoology                                                                          4

                                    Concept of the ecosystem. Food chains, webs, trophic relations and energy                                    flow. Ecological niches. Biochemicalcycles. Species diversity; estimation                                      of population size, population structure and dynamics; population                                                       interactions (competition and succession).                                                                                                Interactions among organisms; social inetractions, epiphytes;vines,                                             antibiosis.

                                    Nutritive interactions- ingestion of other organisms, parasitism and                                                 symbiosis. The major habitats in West Africa. Genetic material (mitosis,                                        meiosis). Gametogenesis. Mode of inheritance (monohybrid, dihybrid).                                          Variation; genetic and non-genetic. Species formation. The fossil record                                        and evolution. Brief treatment of the origin of man.

An introductory study of form and function in the following groups:             protozoa,coelenterates, platyhelminths, aschelminths, annelids, molluscs    and anthropods; amphioxus, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and        mammals.

AEB 122                     Functional Zoology                                                                                  4

Mammalian  skin, skeletal, muscular, alimentary, respiratory, circulatory, excretory, nervous, endocrine and reproductive systems. Nutritional    requirements and deficiencies. Blood groups, immunity. Brief treatment of embryological development.

PBB 111                     Introduction to Plant Biology I                                                               3

Use of microscope. Generalised cell structure. Functions of cell      organelles. Diversity on plant forms and habitats. Evolutionary survey of          the main plants groups (bacteria, algae,fungi, bryophytes, pteridophytes,      gymnosperms and angiosperms) with emphasis on their life cycles.

PBB 122                      Introduction to Plant Biology II                                                            3

The general morphology, anatomy, histology and physiology of seed          structure, dispersal and germination; development of primary and       secondary plant body; water relations; photosynthesis, translocation and   storage organs; respiration.                                               

CHM 111                   General Chemistry I                                                                                 3

                                    Relationship of chemistry to other sciences. Atoms, subatomic                                                        particles, isotopes,  molecules. Avogadro’s number. The mole, Dalton’s                                         theory, the laws of chemical combinations. Relative atomic masses.                                                Nuclear binding energy, fission and fusion. Periodicity and atomic spectra.                                    Chemical bonding. Electronegotiants. Ionic, covalent, metallic bonds.                                            Saturation of valence. The concept of hybridization. Oxidation numbers.                                        The states of matter. The gas laws, PVT relationships. The general gas                                      equation. Liquids and solids. Lattice structures. Isomorphism. Giant                                        molecules. Acids, bases and salts. Behaviour of electrolytes. Water.                                           Colligative properties. Ostivald’s dilution law. Arhenius, Bronsted-Lowry,                            Lewis concepts and applications. Buffers, equilibria and equilibrium                                         constants. Solubility products. Common ion effect. Precipitation reactions.                                 Chemistry of oxidation-reduction reactions.The periodic table. Hydrogen                                       and hydrides. Chemistry of groups 0,1,II elements. Acid-base properties of                                    oxides. Introduction to complex reactions. Quantitative and qualitative                                           analyses. Theory of volumetric analysis. Operations and methods.                                                  Calculations. Mole, molarity, molality.

CHM 122                   General Chemistry I I                                                                      3

                                    General procedure for the isolation and purification of organic                                                        compounds. Determination of the structure of an organic compound;                                              elemental detection, determination of % composition, empirical and                                               molecular formula determination. Structural formula (brief treatment of                                         structural isomerism) Bonding and Mechanism in organic chemistry;                                              atomic and molecular orbitals, broad hybrid bond formation, Bond fission                                     and bond formation-          classification of reagents and reactions, factors                                             which affect electron           availability in a covalent bond. Functional group                                          chemistry. Non-Polar functional groups; alkanes structure and                                                           nomenclature. Homologous senses, geometric isomerism, acidity.                                                            Petroleum chemistry. Polar Functional groups: Hydroxyl groups, Carbonyl                                 groups,Monocarboxylic acids, Fats and oils.

CHM 112                   Organic Chemistry I                                                                           3

General Principles of Organic Chemistry; Definition. Classification of organic compounds. Homologous series. Functional groups. General procedure for isolation and purification of organic compounds. Dtermination of structure of organic compounds. Elemental analysis, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula, structural formula. Isomerism( structural and stereoisomerism). Electron theory in organic chemistry. Atomic models, quantum numbers, atomic orbitals. Hybridisation leading to formation of carbon, carbon single double and triple bonds. Hydrogen bonding electronegativity, dipole moment, polarization, bond energy, inductive and resonance effects. Hyper-conjugation. Bond length carboniumionsand carbanions.

Non-polar Functional Group Chemistry; Alkanes (structure and physical properties. Addition oxidation polymerization. Test for alkynes). Sterioisomerism- definition, geometrical and optical isomers. Condition for optical isomerism. Structure, acidity of acetylenic hydrogen.  Benzene- structure and aromaticity of benzene. Introduction to electrophilic substitution reactions. Nomenclature: IUPAC and common names of clsses of compounds.  Introduction to petrochemistry: Origin of petroleum, importance, fractional distillation of crude oil, component, properties and uses. Octane number. Cracking. Coal tar chemistry: origin, production, important components and uses. Practical Organic Chemistry; Experiments in basic techniques in organic chemistry: Determination of melting and boiling points, filteration, distillation, fractional distillation, recrystalisation; tests for functionalgroups;organic preparations.

CHM 124                   Organic Chemistry II                                                                             3

                                    Polar Functional Group Chemistry: Hydroxyl group- alchohols and                                                phenols. Classification. Acidity- comparison. Important methods of                                                preparation. Reactions;with metal bases, alkylhalides.   Oxidation,                                                  dehydration. Tests for Alchohols and phenols.  Importance.

                                    Carbonyl group: aldehydes and ketones structure. Physical properties.                                            Important methods of preparation. Reactions: Tollen’s reagent, Fehling’s                                       solution, Benedict’s solution, iodoform reactions; with alchohols,                                                   including mechanisms with ammonia, hydrazines and their derivatives,                                          including mechanisms; aldol condensation. Carboxylic acid derivatives:                                         anhydrides,  acids halides, estersand amides. Change of reactivity when                                         -OH of acid is replaced by -O or -N. Reactions with         water, alchohols,                                            ammonia and      amines. Test for esters.

                                    Amino group: amines. Structure. Physical properties. Important methods                                        of preparation. Reaction with acids, basicity and salt formation.                                                      Alkylation, scylation with nitrous acids. Hinsberg method of separation.                                         Tests for amines. Importance.

                        Fats and oils:definition, importance, saponification. Soaps and detergents.                                      Mode of cleaning action.Reaction of soap with hard water, mineral acids.                                       Drying oils, mode of action, use in paints and varnishes. Amino acids and                                      proteins: definition, classification, essential amino acids, special properties                                    and reactions,isoelectric points,tests. Importance.

                                    Carbohydrates: Definition, classification,importance, nomenclature,                                               structure and reactions of glucose. Mutarotation tests. 

                                    Natural products: Main classes, steroids, terpinoids,alkaloids,                                                          prostaglandins; definition, importance, examples.

PHY 111                     Mechanics,Thermal Physics and Properties of Matter                          3

Mechanics: Scalars and vectors;addition and resolution of vectors.              Rectilinear Motion and Newton s law of motion; inertial, mass and        gravitational mass; free fall; projectile motion; deflecting forces and         circular motion. Newton’s law of gravitation; satellites, escape velocity,      gravitational potentials; speial case of circular motion. Momentum and the     conservation of momentum; work, power, energy; units; potential energy for a gravitational field and elastic bodies; Kinetic energy; conservation of             energy; energy stored in a rotating body. Kinetic energy in elastic and        inelastic collisions. Thermal physics and properties of matter, temperature,   heat, work; heat capacities; second law, Carnor cycle; thermodynamic and          the ideal gas temperature scale. Thermal conductivity; radiation: black             body and energy spectrum, stefan’s law. Kinetic model of a gas: Equation           of state, concept of diffusion, mean free path, molecular speed,             Avogadro’s number, behavior of real gases; physical properties of solids.   Crystalline structure: close packing, orderly arrangements, elastic          deformation,of an ordered structure; interference patterns and crystal.    Model for matters; surface energy and surface tension, plastic            deformation; thermal and electrical properties of metals.

PHY 113                     Vibrations,Waves and  Optics                                                        3

Periodic motion: Motion  of an oscillator; velocity and acceleration

of a sinusoidal oscillator, equation of motion of a simple harmonic oscillator, damped oscillations, forced oscillations; resonance; propagation of longitudinal and transverse vibrations. Waves behavior; reflection of waves, stationary waves, propagation of straight and circular pulses; fiberoptics, diffraction, refraction, dispersion, interference, coherence, polarization. Wave and sound: vibrations of air columns and strings; Doppler effect. Wave and light: mirrows, lenses, formation of images. Thin lenses in contact, microscope, telescope, chromatic and spherical aberrations and their reduction. Dispersion by prisms; relatioin between colour and wavelength; spectra.

PHY 124                    Electromagnetic and Modern Physics                                                     4

Electric Field: strength, flux and the inverse square law; electrostatic force between two charged particles; flux model for the electric field. Energy stored in an electric field, electric potential due to dipole. Steady Direct currents: simple circuits; potential difference, resistance, power electromotive force, Kirchhoff’s law; potential divider, slide wire potentiometer, bridge circuits, combining resistances. Capacitors: capacitance, combination, dielectrics, energy stored, charging/discharging. Electromagnetic effect: electromagnetic forces, electric motors, moving coil galvanometer, ammeter, voltmeter, electromagnetic induction, dynamo. Alternating currents: simple Ac circuits transformers, motors and alternating currents. Magnetic Field: the field at the centre of a current-carrying flat coil, of a current-carrying solenoid,  outside along  solenoid:  flux model and magnetic fields. Eletromagnetic induction: induction in a magnetic field; magnitude and directionof induced EMF; energy stored in a magnetic field, self-inductance. Electricity and Matter:current flow in an electrolyte, Milikan experiment; conduction of electricity through gases at low pressure, cathode rays, photoelectricity. Modern physics: structure of atom, atomic theory, X-rays, Planck quantum theory; wave-particle, nature of matter; scattering experiment of Geiger and Marsden, Rutherford atom model; Bohr’s atom model. Structure of nucleus. Composition of nucleus, particle emission, isotopes. Particle emission; gamma radiation.

PHY 109                     Practical Physics                                                                                     4

Students are expected to carry out a minimum of 12 majorexperiments covering the main aspects of the courses taken in a year.

CSC 101                     Introduction to Computers                                                                    3

Historyof computers. Computer application in Commercial

and scientific environments; Characteristics of computers,

classification and types of computers, computer structure

and its components. Introduction to software. Input/output

peripheral devices, Their advantage and disadvantages.

Programming and information presentation. Basic instruction

in computer, control programs. Direct and indirect addressing.

Instruction format. Translator, loaders, program compilation

and execution, syntactic and lexical analysis.

AEE 211                   Introduction to Agricultural Extension                                                     2

                                   Concepts, meaning of rural life, semi-urban, urban life and characteristics                                       of each; a study of the rural community, social life, economic life,                                                  poverty; quality of the life and its measurement; the rural communities,                                          problems of rural society, their causes and possible solutions. The                                                   meaning of extension science; the scope of agricultural extension; the need                                    for agricultural extension; basic extension principles of agricultural                                          production; the extension agents; rural communities and communication                                         principles and strategies; discussion of principle behind agriculture                                          extension.

AEE 221                    Introduction to Agricultural Economics and Resource Management.  2

The nature of economics and economic problems. Scope and method: price theory and functions of the market  with particular reference to agriculture. The concept of opportunity cost. Supply and demand and their application to agricultural problems. Production functions and analysis  with respect to agricultural production. Types of markets, perfect competition, monopoly, oligopoly etc. Price theory and some applications. Theory of distribution,’the components  of agriculture in national income. Resources allocation in farms, aggregate income expenditure, investment, interest rate, profits, wages, employment, inflation. Introduction to international trade community agreements, and balance of payments. Classification, availability and supply of natural resources. Agricultural resources (land, capital and management).

CED 300                    Enterpreneurship Development                                                       3  

                                    Definition, nature and functions of enterpreneurship, generating

                                    and  developing business ideas, conducting market survey,

                                    preparing a  business plan, legal aspects of entrepreneurship,

                                    financing a business venture, record keeping, costing and credit

                                    control, attracting and retaining customers, export operations for

                                    the small business enterprise, computer applications for the small

                                    business, ethics and good business practice.


GST 111                     Use of English/ Library                                                                     3

                                    Ways of  looking at sentences: structurally, semantically and                                                           informationally. The structure of expository paragraphs: outline for essay;                                     topic and sentence outlines. Rhetoric: writing descriptions, writing                                                 definitions, writing systematic analysis and classification, argumentative                                        essay, writing persuations.  Factors in reading comprehension.  Writing                                          continuous summaries. Letter writing. Report writing. Types, structure and                                    functions of a Library.  Parts of a book and referencing styles. The natures                                                 and structure of the Library. Familiarization with the plan of the                                                     University of Benin Library. Procedures and processes in conducting a                                           Library research: choosing and adequately restricting a topic, scouting for                                      materials, use of note card and bibliography card, methods of note taking.                                      Preparation of a research paper: Matters of formal- styles books and                                               related matters, forms of documentation. Writing abstracts of research                                            paper. Carrying out a short library research project.

GST 112                     Philosophy and Logic                                                                         2

Introduction to scope, notions, branches and problems of philosophy. Symbolic logic: Introduction to special symbols used: conjunction, affirmation, negation, disjunction, equivalence and conditional statements. Law of thought: Deductions using rules of inference and biconditionals, quantification theory.

GST 121                     Peace Studies and Conflicts Resolution                                              2

Basic concept in peace studies and conflict resolution. The place of peace in national unity and development. Types and causes of conflict. Conflict management and peace building. Developing a culture of peace. The role of citizenship development in National unity and development. Peace mediation and peace keeping. Alternative dispute resolution. Dialogue/arbitration in conflict resolution. Role of international organization in conflict resolution. Role of gender in peace keeping and building.

GST 122                     Nigerian people and Culture                                                           2

Nigeria in pre-colonial times: general survey of indigenous culture areas    and their characteristics. Evolution of Nigeria as a Political Unit: Salient       points in the history of Nigeria under colonial rule and thereafter.     Contemporary issues in Nigerian education, economy and social justice.    Norm, values and moral obligations of Nigerian citizens. Environmental            sanitation. Cultism and gangsterism.

GST 123                     History and Philosophy of Science &Technology                         2

Man: his origin and nature; Man’s  cosmic environment; theories about the universe. Scientific methodology.(empiricism). Technology in the society

                                    (definition and history) . Renewable and non-renewable resources;

Man and his energy resources. Environmental effects of

chemical plastics, wastes and other materials. Chemical

and radiochemical hazards. Introduction to the various areas of

science and technology.